One of the most common questions we get asked by our self-employed clients is “Am I allowed to claim such-and-such as a business expense?” There are large lists of what is and what is not allowed but we have noted below a couple of common grey areas that cause confusion. For more about capital allowances click here.
We also recommend looking around HMRC’s website and registering so you can handle all your tax and VAT online. Check out our HMRC login infographic to quickly and easily find the right area.
The official definition of a disallowable expense is “Expenditure not incurred wholly and exclusively for trading purposes”.
Allowable Expenses are therefore obviously expenses “incurred wholly and exclusively for trading purposes”, for example petrol for business mileage, telephone bills for business call usage, utility bills for business premises, bank interest on loans and credit cards etc.
Be careful with interest as not all interest is an allowable expense, for example late payment interest incurred for failure to pay income or capital gains tax on time is not allowed.
A lot of self-employed people employ members of their family in their business and this salary is an allowable expense. However, it is only allowable if it is based on the market rate for the work performed. For example, it would not be allowable for a business owner to pay an excessively large salary to their husband / wife in order to reduce the taxable profit of the business.
Capital expenditure is not always clear cut but generally expenditure on capital assets is not an allowable expense. For example if you buy a new computer, the full cost of the computer is not allowable as a trading expense. However, to confuse matters, if you buy it on HP, the interest would be allowable. If it breaks and you get it repaired the repair cost is an allowable revenue expense and if you add memory to improve it the cost of the new memory is a disallowable capital expense.
Hope that is all clear!
If you would like any advice on this topic, give us a call on 0131 556 8595.